In some cases, orthognathic surgery may be needed to reconstruct jaws or remove bone to address severe underbites. Such surgery is typically performed in tandem with orthodontic treatment such as braces.
Jaw surgery, usually performed by maxillofacial or oral surgeons, involves cutting and repositioning segments of the bone in order to restore proper balance and bite relationship. In many cases, restored jaws need to be secured with plates, wires orscrews while they are healing.
In children, early intervention can help guide the growth of the jaw to hopefully prevent the need for surgery. An orthodontic exam can anticipate if there is jaw issues or identify the need for regular growth monitoring.
Malocclusion is a misalignment or incorrect relation between the teeth of the two dental arches when they approach each other as the jaws close. Malocclusion is classified into three categories based on how the teeth (usually the upper and lower) relate to one another. This includes how your teeth align from front to back.
The classifications are:
malocclusions: Dental arches may be creating too much space or become crowded. A class I malocclusion may be accompanied by overlapping teeth, or crossbites and rotations.
malocclusions: Upper molars meet slightly forward to the lower molars, forcing the chin to shift backward.
malocclusions: Lower molars meet forward to the upper molars, causing the chin to protrude. The lower molars are far forward and do not fit into their corresponding upper molars. A class III malocclusion may be accompanied by a crossbite.
Treatment times can vary based on patient and the
severity of the case. 0